WHAT IS A FIRE RISK ASSESSMENT?
WHAT IS THE LEGAL REQUIREMENT FOR FIRE RISK ASSESSMENTS?
Using a Fire Risk Assessment template PAS79
A fire risk assessment is a legal requirement and is about fire safety. The assessment is a detailed examination of a premises and the activities carried out there to determine the source and likelihood of a fire starting that could cause harm to life especially those who are more vulnerable. The independent fire risk assessor will look at the fire protection and preventive fire measures to ensure the fire risk is as low as is reasonably practicable.
Fire Risk Assessment Example
Examples: Office Fire Risk Assessment, Business Fire Risk Assessment, Building Fire Risk Assessment, HMO Fire Risk Assessment, Fire Risk Assessment for Flats, Landlord Fire Risk Assessment
Persons And Building Information
Considering persons on the premises and building details.
Risk assessment for fire and the consideration of fire hazards will involve identifying three elements. These are sources of ignition (e.g., sparks, hot surfaces, friction, static electricity, chemical reaction), sources of fuel (e.g., flammable solids, flammable liquids, liquefiable solids, flammable gases) and sources of oxygen (all around us, additional sources of oxygen) and the consequences if these three elements combine.
Persons At Risk
We determine the people at risk and especially those who are more vulnerable such as the elderly, the young, and persons with mobility and/or cognitive impairment.
Considering fire fighting facilities, fire extinguishers, fire alarm system, fire hoses, fire sprinkler systems etc.
Means of Escape From Fire
Considering means of escape for persons to provide safe evacuation.
Risk Level of The Premises
We evaluate the risk of fire and the likelihood and possible severity of harm to life from fire, including how fire spreads by convection, conduction, or radiation.
Such fire hazards need to be removed if reasonably practicable to do so, if they are unable to be removed, then reasonable measures must be taken to reduce them and the risk of fire. The adequacy of the existing control measures in place should be considered and the risk of fire and harm to life should be reduced by planning and implementing further control measures if needed.
The fire assesment will involve assessing the ongoing management of fire safety in the business, such as fire action fire drills, conducting staff training, maintenance and fire safety checks.
We record the findings of the fire risk assessment. We include actions that may be required, by whom and a timescale. We look at any instructions and training requirements of staff, the written evacuation plan and the measures in place to prevent fire.
The fire risk assessment must be reviewed regularly and changes made if this is necessary, if there are changes in the processes, personnel or the premises are altered.
TYPES OF FIRE RISK ASSESSMENT
Not sure what type of fire risk assessment you may need? Take a look at our guide below. If you have any questions, please contact us.
COMMERCIAL PROPERTIES FIRE RISK ASSESSMENT IN LINE WITH LEGISLATION
The requirements of a fire risk assessment for offices and commercial properties are designed to assess the risk and spread of fire, within a commercial premises. The assessment is a non-destructive assessment which will look at the use of the building and any flammable operations, the compartmentation of the building and the evacuation of persons from the premises.
THERE ARE DIFFERENT TYPES OF FIRE RISK ASSESSMENTS THAT CAN BE CARRIED OUT IN RESIDENTIAL DWELLINGS – COMMON AREAS OF FLATS: TYPE 1, 2, 3, 4.
WHAT IS A TYPE 1 FIRE RISK ASSESSMENT?
TYPE 1: RESIDENTIAL FIRE RISK ASSESSMENT
A type 1 fire risk assessment is non-destructive and in residential premises will only cover the communal area and a visual inspection of flat front doors.
This type of risk assessment is sufficient for most purpose-built block of flats where the fire compartmentation has been assured.
WHAT IS A TYPE 2 FIRE RISK ASSESSMENT?
TYPE 2: COMMON PARTS ONLY (DESTRUCTIVE)
A type 2 risk assessment is similar to that of a type 1 fire risk assessment, except there is a degree of destructive inspection carried out on a sample basis to confirm the construction of the property.
This inspection would usually necessitate the presence of a contractor for the purpose of opening up construction and making good after the inspection.
WHAT IS A TYPE 3 FIRE RISK ASSESSMENT?
TYPE 3: COMMON PARTS AND DWELLINGS (NON-DESTRUCTIVE)
A type 3 survey includes the work involved in a type 1 assessment but also considers the means of escape and fire detection in 10% of the private dwellings.
Within flats, although the inspection is non-destructive, the fire resistance of doors to rooms are considered. Although measures to prevent fire are not considered, advice may be given to the tenant (fire loading etc) and areas that are in control of the Responsible Person are considered. i.e., electrics and heating installations.
A type 3 risk assessment may be appropriate for rented flats to ensure all reasonable measures have been taken to reduce the risk to the resident in the event of a fire. This would be appropriate in older blocks of flats or where a building has undergone conversion into flats, also where there is the possibility of unauthorised material alterations which would affect the compartmentation of the property.
Type 3 assessments go beyond the requirements of The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005, by considering the flats as well as the common parts and can be difficult to arrange for access.
WHAT IS A TYPE 4 FIRE RISK ASSESSMENT?
TYPE 4: COMMON PARTS AND FLATS (DESTRUCTIVE)
This inspection would usually necessitate the presence of a contractor for the purpose of opening up construction and making good after the inspection. For this reason, such work would usually be undertaken in a void flat. This is the most comprehensive fire risk assessment and would only be appropriate when the history of the works is unknown and there is reason to believe that residents are at serious risk from a fire both in their dwellings and neighbours’ dwellings.
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EVERY BUSINESS IN THE UK IS REQUIRED TO CONDUCT A FIRE RISK ASSESSMENT
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